Lessons from Joglo’s Tectonic Adaptability for Sustainable Future

  • Yenny Gunawan Department of Architecture, Parahyangan Catholic University
Keywords: Joglo, Tectonic, Adaptability, Knock-down

Abstract

In order to accommodate the dynamic human activities, built environments should always be in a constant change. Demolishing, building a new or renovating building are not suitable anymore due to high cost and effort, thus discussions on creating adaptable architecture has increased significantly. This paper suggests that architects can learn from vernacular buildings which already have the capacity to adapt from hundreds years ago. A Javanese vernacular architecture type, known as Joglo, is chosen as case study due to its unique adaptability. Joglo, as a house and pendopo, has existed since the year 1700s, and it is still reuse until now as gallery, office, café/restaurant, (modern) house, hotel and shops in various locations, even outside Java Island. The analysis is divided into two phases; identifying Joglo’s adaptability by dissecting the building components according to Brand’s layers to evaluate which part of buildings changes and how much, identifying the relations between buildings’ layers and the joints’ construction with the aid of a 1:65 scale model to seek a better understanding of six adaptability strategy. In the end, the paper reveal that Joglo’s adaptability is deeply influenced by the durability of materials and the knock-down tectonic character. Hopefully, this traditional wisdom of vernacular building can be developed for the creation of sustainable architecture of the future.

References

Brand, Steward (1995). How Building Learn: What Happens after They’re Built, 2nd ed., Penguin Books, New York.

Cowee, N. P. and Schwehr, P. (2008) Are Our Buildings Fit to Resist Incommensurable Evolution?.Proceedings of CIB World Building Congress. Wellington.

Frampton, Kenneth (2001). Studies in Tectonic Culture, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA.

Gunawan, Yenny (2012). Undagi’s Sustainable Architecture in Surveys on Vernacular Architecture. Their Significance in the 20th Century Architectural Culture Conference Proceedings. Centro de Estudos Arnaldo Araújo. Oporto.

Kelly, G, Schmidt III, R, Dainty, A and Story , V (2011) Improving the design process for adaptability: Linking feedback and architectural values in Egbu, C. and Lou, E.C.W. (Eds.) Procs 27th Annual ARCOM Conference, 5-7 September, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Bristol, UK, 43–52.

Kendall, Stephen, and Ando, Masao (2005). Theory and Methods in Support of Adaptable Buildings presented in the 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference, Tokyo, 27-29 September 2005 (SB05Tokyo). Retrieved from http://www.irbnet.de/daten/iconda/CIB4046.pdf. Accessed 11 August 2016.

Kustianingrum, Wenny. (2009). Penggunaan Arsitektur Tradisional Jawa pada Restoran, unpublished thesis, Fakultas Teknik, Prodi Arsitektur, Universitas Indonesia.

Lelieveld, C.M.J.L., Voorbij, A.I.M., and Poelman, W. A. (n.d.) Adaptable Architecture. Retrieved from http://www.tmu-arch.sakura.ne.jp/pdf/26_proc_bsa_e/Proceedings_pdf/245-252%20031SS_B2-2.pdf. Accessed 11 August 2016.

MacManus, Sean Christopher. (2013). Architectural Tectonics: A Shift Between the Cultural Tradition of Making to Contemporary Building Processes, master thesis in architecture, Virginia Polytechnic and State University. USA.

Manewa, A, Pasquire C., Gibb A. Ross, A., and Siriwardena M. (2013) Adaptable Buildings: Striving towards a Sustainable Future. People and Planet 2013 Conference: Transforming the Future, RMIT Univesity, Melbourne, Australia.

Meriam Webster Dictionary Online. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/tectonic Accessed 30 December 2017.

Prihatmaji, Yulianto P. (2007), Perilaku Rumah Tradisional Jawa “Joglo” terhadap Gempa, Jurnal Dimensi Teknik Arsitektur vol. 35, no. 1, Juli 2007: 1-12, Retrieved from http://www.petra..ac.id/ puslit/journals/dir.php?DepartmentID=ARS. Accessed 13 December 2016.

Prijotomo, Josef (2006). (Re-)Constructing Javanese Architecture: Griya Jawa un-written tradition, Wastu Lanas Grafika, Indonesia.

Schmidt, R. (2014). Designing for Adaptability in Architecture. Doctoral Thesis. Loughborough University. United Kingdom.

Tjahjono, Gunawan (ed.) (1999). Indonesian Heritage (vol. Architecture), Archipelago Press, Heritage Court.
Published
2019-01-08
How to Cite
Yenny Gunawan. (2019). Lessons from Joglo’s Tectonic Adaptability for Sustainable Future. Creative Space, 6(2), 109-115. Retrieved from https://cs.chitkara.edu.in/index.php/cs/article/view/157
Section
Articles