Transformation of Urban Wetlands As An Effect of Urban Development: An Analysis of Deepor Beel in Guwahati, Assam
Keywords:Biodiversity, Transformation, Settlement, Urban, Wetland
Deepor Beel is a Ramsar Site and a wetland of great biodiversity, which is situated towards the South-western part of Guwahati. The Rani and Garbhanga Reserved Forests are adjacent to the wetland, which altogether stands as a complete ecosystem providing environmental solutions, food security and different types of biodiversity to the city. The forest serves as an abode to the Northeastern region’s Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus), which is an endangered species. But with various recent urban developments, the wetland and the whole ecosystem has been under threat of diminishing area of the wetland, extinction of biodiversity, as well as transformation of land use pattern of the entire area and its surroundings. The Indian Railways constructed the southern railway track in 2001, an action which gradually divided the Deepor Beel into segments and, thus, affected the wetland in particular and the ecosystem as a whole. Illegal settlements, setting up of factories, construction of highways, etc. have also hampered the wetland in many ways while also posing a threat to the urban areas. This paper shall analyse the various developments affecting the wetland and shall ind strategies to regulate further developments around the wetland.
 BARUAH, P., DEKA, C.R. & GOSWAMI, D.C. (1992) Study of Seasonal variation in Water spread and Land use Pattern in the Deepor Beel Area Using Digital Image Processing and GIS Techniques. Proc. Zool. Soc. Assam (Special Edition) pp. 34–48.
 CHETRY, G. (1999) Limnology of Deepor Beel with special reference to its Biodiversity and Pollution Status. PhD Thesis, Gauhati University, Assam. pp. 1–215
 DEKA, S.K. and GOSWAMI, D. C. (1992) Hydrology, Sediment Characteristics and Depositional Environment of Wetlands: A case study of Deepor Beel, Assam. Journal of Assam Science Society, 34 (2), pp. 62–84.
 DUTTA, A., KALITA, J., NUVAID, M., SHEIKH, M. S., and SARMA, D. (1993) Diurnal variations of Certain Physico- Chemical Parameters of two Standing water Bodies in the Vicinity. Environment and Ecology. 11(4), pp. 820–824.
 GOVERNMENT OF ASSAM (1990) Report of the committee on environmental implications associated with the B.G. railway alignment through the Deepor Beel area, Dispur, Guwahati, pp.1–116.
 KUMAR, A., TAK, P.C. and SATI, J.P. (2006) Residential, population and conservation status of Indian wetland birds. In: Proceedings of the Waterbirds around the world Conference, Edinburgh, April 2004. Edinburgh: The Stationery Ofice, p. 308.
 RAMSAR (2008) The list of wetlands of international importance. [Online] Ramsar Convention. Available from: http://www.ramsar.org/pdf/sitelist.pdf [Accessed September 2015].
 VARSHNEY, J. G., SUSHILKUMAR, and MISHRA, J. S. (2008) Current Status of Aquatic Weeds and Their Management in India. In: Proceedings of Taal 2007: 12th World Lake Conference, Jaipur, 28 October – 2 November 2007. pp. 1039–1045.
 MITSCH, W. J. and GOSSELINK, J. G. (1986) Wetlands. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.
How to Cite
Articles in the Journal of Creative Space (Creat. Sp.) by Chitkara University Publications are Open Access articles that are published with licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- CC-BY 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://cs.chitkara.edu.in. This license permits one to use, remix, tweak and reproduction in any medium, even commercially provided one give credit for the original creation.
View Legal Code of the above-mentioned license, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
View Licence Deed here https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
|Journal of Creative Space by Chitkara University Publications is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Based on a work at https://cs.chitkara.edu.in/|