Encapsulating the Translatory Attributes in the Formulation and Development of the Selected Modernist Building Constructed in Islamabad, Capital of Pakistan

Authors

  • Mansoor Ahmed Department of Architecture and Design, COMSATS, Lahore

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15415/cs.2017.42003

Keywords:

National Identity, Modernity, New Nations State

Abstract

Right after the construction of Islamabad, National Capital of Pakistan, different foreign architectswere hired by the State to undertake landmark projects in the city. Most notable among them were Doxiadis, Kenzo Tange, Edward Durell Stone. The preference given to these foreign architects over the local architect was tied to the inherited ideas of Modernist Supermacy, ‘glorified western cultures’ and their understanding of the traditional architecture specifically the so called, Islamic architecture. It was assumed that the architecture, foreign architects will produce would be technologically advanced, help in the International recognition of national architecture and become a symbol of Nation’s progression. The paper focusses on a comparative critique of the two landmark projects namely Presidential Estate and Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission building (PAEC) named as Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), both situated in Islamabad and designed by Edward Durell Stone. These two buildings have been analysedwith reference to the background forces, in line to Foucault’s term,narrated as political power, subjectivity and resistance. The research has anchored on the idea that in line with the official brief, the former project was not only inspired byInternationalstyle,but also adapted to the Mughal gardens in terms of grandeur and spatial construction. On the other hand, PINSTECH building can be read as an effort of the forceful marriage of states religious subjectivities and Modernity. The paper concludes with ‘folk architecture’ a term coined by Doxiadis and reading it in conjunction with the architectural anomalies.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] Akcan, E. (2012). Melancholy in Translation. In Architecture in Translation: Germany, Turkey, and the Modern House, Duke University Press.
[2] Bozdogan, S. (2002). Modernism and Nation Building: Turkish Architectural Culture in the Early Republic. New edition , Seattle, Wash. u.a.: University of Washington Press.
[3] Chaudhry, Nazir A. (2002). Harappa: The Cradle of Our Civilization. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications.
[4] Daechsel, M. (2015). “From ‘great Plan’ to Great Project.” In Islamabad and the Politics of International Development in Pakistan, Cambridge University Press.
[5] Doxiadis, Constantinos A. (2016). Ekistics, the Science of Human Settlements Available athttp://www.doxiadis.org/Downloads/ecistics_the_science_of_human_settlements.pdf(Accessed April 19, 2016).
[6] Hasan, A.(2016). Planning and Its Assumption. Available at http://arifhasan.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/P13_Planning-and-its-Assumptions.pdf (Accessed April 19, 2016).
[7] Holston, J. (1989) The Modernist City: An Anthropological Critique of Brasilia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
[8] Hunting, Mary A. (2012). Edward Durell Stone: Modernism’s Populist Architect. First Edition: W. W.Norton & Company.
[9] Islamabad and the Politics of International Development in Pakistan. (2015). Islamabad and the Politics of International Development in Pakistan. Cambridge University Press
[10] Khan, A. Z. (2013). On Design and Politics of Co-producing Public Space: The Long Marches and the Reincarnation of the ‘Forecourt’ of the Pakistani Nation’, International Journal of Islamic Architecture 2: 1, pp. 125–156, doi: 10.1386/ijia.2.1.125_1
[11] Khosla, R. (1992). A Period of Renaissance. Review of TheArchitecture of Mughal India. Social Scientist 20(11), 58–61. doi:10.2307/3517780.
[12] Khwaja, Zaheerud D. (2016). The Spirit of Islamic Architecture. Avaialbale at http://archnet.org/system/publications/contents/3536/original/DPC0055.pdf?1384775526. (Accessed April 20, 2016).
[13] Kusno, A. (2000). Behind the Postcolonial: Architecture, Urban Space and Political Cultures in Indonesia. First edition. London ; New York: Routledge.
[14] Leslie, Stuart W. (2016). Atomic Isolation. In Newsweek Pakistan. Available at http://newsweekpakistan.com/atomic-isolation.
[15] Leslie, Stuart W. (2015). Atomic Structures: The Architecture of Nuclear Nationalism in India and Pakistan. History and Technology 31(30), July, 2015). doi:10.1080/07341512.2015.1124635.
[16] Leslie, Stuart W. (2015). Pakistan’s Nuclear Taj Mahal. Physics Today 68(2), pp. 40–46. doi:10.1063/PT.3.2688.
[17] McGarr, Paul M. (2013). The Cold War in South Asia: Britain, the United States and the Indian Subcontinent 1945– 1965. Cambridge University Press
[18] Mumtaz, Kamil K. (1990). Architecture in Pakistan. London: Architectural Press.
[19] Naveed, Muhammad B. (2016). Harappa: An Overview of Harappan Architecture and Town Planning. Retrieved from http://www.ancient.eu/article/695
[20] Nazir Ahmad C. (2002). Harappa: The Cradle of Our Civilization. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications.
[21] Nilsson, Sten A.(1973). The New Capitals of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series No. 12. pp. 230. Lund, Studentlitteratur, 1973. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 108(2), 175-175. doi:10.1017/S0035869X0013360X
[22] Pakistan Dawn (2014). Pakistan Wants to Build More N-Power Plants, IAEA Told. Retrieved from http://www.dawn.com/ news/1134378
[23] Prakash, V. (2002). Chandigarh’s Le Corbusier: The Struggle for Modernity in Postcolonial India. First Edition. Seattle. University of Washington Press.
[24] Timothy R. and Mohammad G. (2013). Edward Durrel Stone: Architectural Works in Asia and North Africa. Paper presented at 2nd international conference on Sustainable Cities, Urban Sustainability And Transportation. Baltimore. pp. 232–238. WSEAS Press
[25] USA, IBP. (2012). Pakistan Nuclear Programs and Projects Handbook - Strategic Information and Regulations. IBP USA
[26] Wescoat, James L. and Joachim Wolschke, B. (1996). Mughal Gardens: Sources, Places, Representations, and Prospects. Dumbarton Oaks.

Downloads

Published

2017-01-02

How to Cite

Mansoor Ahmed. (2017). Encapsulating the Translatory Attributes in the Formulation and Development of the Selected Modernist Building Constructed in Islamabad, Capital of Pakistan. Creative Space, 4(2), 179–188. https://doi.org/10.15415/cs.2017.42003