Sacred Buildings and Brain Performance: The Effect of Sultan Hasan Mosque on Brain Waves of its Users

  • Sally Essawy
  • Basil Kamel
  • Mohamed Samir
Keywords: Sacred Buildings, Timeless Buildings, Brain Waves, Energy Lines, Power Spots, Sacredness


A sacred building is defined as a comfortable place that holds certain qualities similar to those originated from nature in harmony with its surroundings. The sacredness quality, though, usually pertains to Religious Buildings that allow for human comfort and a unique state of mind. This paper investigates the effect of sacred buildings on human brain. It concentrates on measurements of brain waves during the presence of the user at certain Paths (coordinates) in these buildings. The variation and intensity of these measurements indicate the effect of “sacredness” as a quality on the user along his/ her journey through the building. This could be used in architecture as evidence of the presence of the sacred quality; and to study the intensity of the positive effect of these buildings. This process is based on a scientific experiment to determine whether or not buildings affect the brain wave frequencies of users, and, measures these effects in terms of Brain Wave Frequency Charts through EEG Devices.


ALEXANDER, C. (1979) The Timeless Way of Building. New York: Oxford University Press.
BEHRENS-ABOUSEIF, D. (1989) Islamic Architecture In Cairo. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press.
BRANNON, J. F. L. (2002) Health psychology: An introduction to behavior and health. Canada: Wadsworth/Thomson.
BUDZYNSKI, T. (2012) Theta-brain-waves. [Online] Available from: [Accessed: October 2012].
GARG, S. (2010) Coming Togethe, a Universal Sacred Space. Washington DC: UMI. (Masters Theses from the Corcoran College of Art + Design, Washington, D.C.)
GILMORE, R. L. (1994) American Electroencephalographic Society Guidelines in electroencephalography, evoked potentials, and polysomnography. Clinical Neurophysiology. 11(1). p. 147.
HERZ, M. (1899) La mosque du Sultan Hassan au Caire. Egypt: Comite de conservation des monuments de l’art arabe.
KABAT-ZINN, J. & LIPWORTH, L. B. R. (1985) The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 8. p. 163-190.
KARIM, A. (2010) Sultan Hassan Mosque. Journal of Islamic Architecture. 1(2).
KARIM, I. (2001) The Egyptian Science of BioGeometry. Veranda architecture Magazine, May-June Issue.
KARIM, I. (2010) Back to a future for mankind. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
MACCHIA, P. (2008) Understanding the Sensual Aspects of Timeless Architecture. New York: Horizon Press.
How to Cite
Sally Essawy, Basil Kamel, & Mohamed Samir. (2014). Sacred Buildings and Brain Performance: The Effect of Sultan Hasan Mosque on Brain Waves of its Users. Creative Space, 1(2), 125-143. Retrieved from