Re-Planning 'Planned' Public Spaces: The Neighborhood Market of Sector 15 in Chandigarh

Niyati Jigyasu


From the Greek Agora till today, market places have always been an important component of a city's public realm. These are the community 's 'open-air living rooms which, while contributing to the city's economic growth, are platforms for unhindered social and cultural public interaction, and, even serve to encourage upward mobility in society. However, concepts of the public space in planned cities, especially the utopian productions of the 20th Century, are more focused on the physical and visual aspects of public space, and activity patterns regulated by the designer's vision of ideal societal behavior. Time, on the other hand, has shown that most of such planned spaces have performed differently, transforming in response to market forces and users predilections, thus highlighting the indispensable need for inclusiveness in urban design. Chandigarh, India's iconic 20th century planned city, is no exception. While many elements of the original plan had proved to be fairly robust till recently, one of the first ones to defy and demolish the planners' perceptions was the Neighbourhood Market. Over the years, the cumulative effect of several 'unplanned' (and, thus, unforeseen) user groups, activities, societal and technological advancements has transformed each of the markets in distinctive manners. Today, the challenge of accommodating various socio-cultural and economic groups, creating inviting and safe public spaces, satisfying the high end retailer, and supporting small-scale, informal commerce, while adhering to the "Chandigarh Edict", continues to confront planners and administrators. Clearly, some critical re-thinking is in order. This paper is based on an academic exercise undertaken by the author in 2011. Taking the particular case of 'Sector 15', the objective was to understand the nature and causes of various transformations of the neighbourhood markets of Chandigarh, and, to explore pragmatic design possibilities of creating a stimulating and comfortable urban centre which, while respecting the intent, spirit and framework of the original urban concept, would give due credence to the present-day needs of its multiple sets of stakeholders.

URL http://dspace.chitkara.edu.in/jspui/bitstream/1/481/3/21006_CS_Niyati.pdf
DOI 10.15415/cs.2014.21006
  • BAKSHI, I.J.S. (2002) Chandigarh: Aesthetic Legislation: Documentation of Urban Controls in Chandigarh (1951-2001).Chandigarh: Chandigarh College of Architecture.
  • DREW, J.B. (1961) Sector 22. In ANAND, M.R. (ed.) Chandigarh, Marg. XV(1).
  • Bombay: Marg Publications. p. 22-25.
  • EVENSON, N. (1966)Chandigarh.Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • JOSHI, K. (1999) Documenting Chandigarh: The Indian Architecture of Pierre Jeanneret, Edwin Maxwell Fry, Jane Beverly Drew . Ahmedabad: Mapin Publications.
  • JOSHI, K. (2009) Regulators OF Urban Form: The Case of Chandigarh. [Lecture]. AR-426, Urban Design. Chitkara School of Planning and Architecture, Rajpura (Punjab), India. 22nd April, 2009.
  • KALIA, R. (1999) Chandigarh: tha Making of an Indian City . New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • KUKREJA, A. (1989) Chandigarh: A Case for Flexibility in Architectural Control. A Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of Kansas State University for the degree of Master of Architecture. Manhattan: Kansas State University. [Online] Available from https://archive.org/details/chandigarhcasefo00kukr . [Accessed: 31 March 2014]
  • LE CORBUSIER (1961) The Master Plan. In ANAND, M.R. (ed.) Chandigarh, Marg. XV(1). Bombay: Marg Publications. p. 4-19.
  • LETTS WHEELER ARCHITECTS (2011) Salisbury Market Place: Public Realm Improvement Design and Access Statement. [Online] Available from http://www.salisburyvision.co.uk/ assets/assets/MP_Design_and_Access_Statement.pdf [Accessed: 6 April, 2014]. S
  • NØRGAARD, H. AND BØRRESEN, S.K. (2008) Urban Space for Everyone: Challenges, Conflicts and Measures . Copenhagen: The Danish Building Research Institute. [Online] Available from http://www.sbi.dk/byudvikling/bypolitik/byrum-for-alle/byrum-for- alleuk-web.pdf . [Accessed: 14 April 2014].
  • PRAKASH, A. (1961) Architectural Control – Shops, Flats, etc. In ANAND, M.R. (ed.) Chandigarh, Marg. XV(1).Bombay: Marg Publications. p. 39-41.
  • SAGAR, J. (2002) Revisiting Chandigarh. In HENKET, H.J AND HEYNEN. H (eds.). Back from Utopia: The Challenge of the Modern Movement. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers.
  • UNITED KINGDOM. CHARNWOOD BOROUGH COUNCIL (2007) Loughborough Town Centre Master Plan. [Online] Available from www.charnwood.gov.uk/pages/ loughboroughtowncentremasterplan . [Accessed on 9 July, 2014].
  • UNITED KINGDOM. ENGLISH HERITAGE (2008) Streets for All: Practical Case Studies: A Summary. [Online] Available from http://www.helm.org.uk/guidance-library/streets- for-all-practical-case-studies-a-summary/streets-summary.pdf. [Accessed: 12 May 2014